September 26, Author: Mark Goodnight 4 Comments I remember the first time that I heard this topic. It blew me away then and still amazes me now. Gary Habermas in In the lecture, Dr. These critical scholars love Paul, and accept 7 of his books are truly historic and to have been written by Paul.
The apostle’s creed – is it your faith?
A statement of faith used only in the western church. It is a series of brief positive affirmations with no proofs and no explanations. The major portion of the creed deals with Christ and the brief statement on the Holy Spirit is followed by a series of clauses setting forth the work of the Holy Spirit. With regard to the modern emphasis on the life and teachings of Jesus, it is worth noting that nothing of this appears in this ancient and universal creed which reflects the basic verities of the apostolic and ancient church.
The affirmations of the creed can be supported by NT evidence as against Harnack, Bultmann, et al.
Creed is a statement of faith dating from the fourth century, while the Apostles’ Creed is the ancient baptismal creed of the Church in Rome. If baptismal promises are renewed, from a formula based on the Apostles’ Creed, this takes the place of the Creed.
History[ edit ] Oldest extant manuscript of the Nicene Creed, dated to the 6th Century The purpose of a creed is to provide a doctrinal statement of correct belief or orthodoxy. The creeds of Christianity have been drawn up at times of conflict about doctrine: Alexander and his supporters created the Nicene Creed to clarify the key tenets of the Christian faith in response to the widespread adoption of Arius’ doctrine, which was henceforth marked as heresy.
The Nicene Creed of explicitly affirms the co-essential divinity of the Son , applying to him the term “consubstantial”. The version speaks of the Holy Spirit as worshipped and glorified with the Father and the Son. The earlier Apostles’ Creed does not explicitly affirm the divinity of the Son and the Holy Spirit, but in the view of many who use it, this doctrine is implicit in it. At that time, the text ended with the words “We believe in the Holy Spirit”, after which various anathemas against Arian propositions were added.
Hort and Adolf Harnack argued that the Nicene creed was the local creed of Caesarea  an important center of Early Christianity recited in the council by Eusebius of Caesarea. Their case relied largely on a very specific interpretation of Eusebius’ own account of the Council’s proceedings.
El Credo – Apostles’ Creed
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia Vol. Though not, as the long-current legend of its origin affirmed, the direct work of the Apostles, it has its roots in apostolic times, and embodies, with much fidelity, apostolic teaching. It will be seen immediately that it had an important place in the early church, when as yet no creed but itself existed. It was the creed that could be appealed to as held by the church in all its great branches, and so as forming the test of catholicity.
This is a special reason for considering the foundations on which these articles of faith rest. In the first place, what is the creed?
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Books relating to Apostles’ Creed and brief extracts from same to provide context of its use in English literature. Packer explains the meaning and implications of each phrase of this great creed. Packer, 3 The Apostles’ Creed: An Advanced Study for the Everyday Believer The Apostles’ Creed is for anyone who wants a deeper understanding of the foundation of the Christian faith. This workbook explores deep theological subjects and expresses them as simple teachings that the everyday Christian can absorb.
Meditations on the Apostles’ Creed These texts, which are undoubtedly among the last things he wrote, take on the character of a legacy, a spiritual testament. For they amount in their extraordinary compactness and depth to a little “summa” of his theology. Hans Urs von Balthasar, 6 A Commentary on the Apostles’ Creed A monumental project which brings the English-speaking work key selections from the remarkable literature of early Christianity — vertiable trasures of Christian faith and theology in superb translations.
Rufinus of Aquileia , 7 The Apostles’ Creed: Its Relation to Primitive Christianity This revised version of an original provides a concise discussion of the controversy existing at the time in relation to the Apostles’ Creed.
The Apostles’ Creed
Churches generally take one of two positions regarding the Creed. Either they recite it every week or they hardly ever say it at all. When I asked the congregation how many people came from a church that recited the Creed every Sunday, at least two-thirds of the people raised their hands.
Apr 17, · The oldest ecumenical creed – is the Nicene Creed. RCs, Orthodox and Protestants accept slight variations (eg the filioque clause ie -the procession of the Holy Spirit from the Father ” and the Son” is a bit of a problem for the Orthodox ) The Apostles’ Creed is .
One of the key passages for Christian apologists is the creed that Paul quotes in 1 Corinthians 15 as part of his discussion on the resurrection. For I passed on to you as most important what I also received: Then He appeared to over brothers at one time; most of them are still alive, but some have fallen asleep.
Then He appeared to James, then to all the apostles. Last of all, as to one abnormally born, He also appeared to me. In his article, Dating the Corinthian Creed , Carrier admits that the creed is very early. He describes it as coming from the dawn of the Christian sect. I fully agree with Carrier on this. Does this mean that it goes back years after the crucifixion, as many evangelical scholars, as well as liberal scholar Gerd Ludemann, claim?
First Corinthians is already very early, being from the early to mid s. Paul is quoting something earlier, but it is difficult to know when this creed was first formulated. But we know that it is early, as Carrier also agrees.
Catholic Encyclopedia (1913)/Apostles’ Creed
The Bible is the only God-given authority which man possesses; therefore, all doctrine, faith, hope, and all instruction for the church must be based upon, and harmonize with, the Bible. It is to be read and studied by all men everywhere, and can only be clearly understood by those who are anointed by the Holy Spirit 1 John 2: For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: The Scripture does more than attempt to prove the existence of God; it asserts, assumes and declares that the knowledge of God is universal.
The Apostles’ Creed is one of the oldest creeds of Christianity, dating in an early form to at least the middle second century with roots in the biblical traditions of the Gospels. Some phrases were added for clarity as late as the fourth century, but the basic creed remained intact.
Please contact Deborah Ponder if you need additional information. And so, we see throughout the history of the church the development and publication of creeds and their extended or developed siblings, confessions. The situation painted above, was an important step in the development and growth of the church. While Christianity was, and still is, fully based upon the Scriptures, in the Old and New Testament form, much of what we as Christian believe from the Scriptures is not formulated into succinct statements of belief.
Take for example the doctrine of the Trinity. One will search in vain for a statement that reads God is three person in one essence. Yet, Christians would unwaveringly affirm that such is exactly what they believe. Why is that the case? Because we believe that such a statement accurately organizes the essential truths about God as a being which are taught in various places throughout the Scriptures.
The Creeds of the Church
This legend dates back to the sixth century see Pseudo-Augustine in Migne, P. About the same date c. Although he does not explicitly assign each article to the authorship of a separate Apostle, he states that it was the joint work of all, and implies that the deliberation took place on the day of Pentecost. Moreover, he declares that “they for many just reasons decided that this rule of faith should be called the Symbol”, which Greek word he explains to mean both indicium, i.
A few years before this c.
As we approach this Easter season, Christians celebrate the events referenced in the Apostles Creed. This Good Friday, Jesus, the One conceived by the Holy Spirit, was crucified, but arose from.
Etymology[ edit ] The Synaxis of the Twelve Apostles. Russian, 14th century, Moscow Museum. It has, however, a stronger sense than the word messenger, and is closer to a “delegate”. This ecclesiastical meaning of the word was later translated into Latin as missio , the source of the English ” missionary “. Background[ edit ] In the New Testament, the names of the majority of the apostles are Hebrew names , although some had Greek names.
The text states that their initial instructions were to heal the sick and drive out demons. Their carrying of just a staff Matthew and Luke say not even a staff is sometimes given as the reason for the use by Christian bishops of a staff of office in those denominations that believe they maintain an apostolic succession.
Later in the Gospel narratives the twelve apostles are described as having been commissioned to preach the Gospel to “all the nations”,  regardless of whether Jew or Gentile. In his writings, the epistles to Christian churches throughout the Levant , Paul did not restrict the term “apostle” to the Twelve, and often refers to his mentor Barnabas as an apostle. Churches which are believed to have been founded by one of the apostles are known as apostolic sees. Paul’s epistles were accepted as scripture , and two of the four canonical gospels were associated with apostles, as were other New Testament works.
Various Christian texts, such as the Didache and the Apostolic Constitutions , were attributed to the apostles.
Why Do We Have Two Creeds?
Return to Content The Creed: What is a creed? Why do Catholics and other Christians need a creed? Singer-songwriter Rich Mullins won lasting fame with a series of contemporary Christian hits in the s and s.
But something else of which we should make note is that the Apostles Creed or a creedal statement very similar to it, existed in the church dating back to the century following the establishment of the church in the first century.
Yet, both of these traditional explanations of this passage have been termed incorrect by some recent Catholic Bible scholars. And I say also unto thee, that thou art Peter [Greek, Petros, rock, masculine],  and upon this rock [Greek, petra, rock, feminine]  I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
One common Protestant argument historically has been that the translation from the New Testament in Hebrew into Greek is tenuous at best as there is no real evidence or indication that the New Testament in Greek was ever translated from Hebrew or Aramaic texts, for that argument see Aramaic primacy. A literal translation, in the style of the King James Version , of the words presumably used by Jesus would be “Thou art Rock, and upon this rock will I build my church”.
Catholic view on relationship to the Church today[ edit ] In Catholicism , it is argued that the primacy of Peter is a basis for the primacy of the bishop of Rome over other bishops throughout the Church via the doctrine of Apostolic succession. This extension of Petrine primacy to popes is known as the primacy of the Bishop of Rome , also known as the primacy of the Roman Pontiff.
According to an ancient theory, the twelve composed the creed with each apostle adding a clause to form the whole. Today practically all scholars understand this theory of apostolic composition to be legendary. Nevertheless, many continue to think of the creed as apostolic in nature because its basic teachings are agreeable to the theological formulations of the apostolic age. The full form in which the creed now appears stems from about AD.
The Apostles’ Creed is the oldest creed, and lies at the basis of most others. Though not, as the long-current legend of its origin affirmed, the direct work of the Apostles, it has its roots in apostolic times, and embodies, with much fidelity, apostolic teaching.
This article by Elliot Ritzema with John D. The Lexham Bible Dictionary contains over 6, articles with contributions from hundreds of top Bible scholars around the world. Designed as a digital resource, this more than 4 Million word project integrates seamlessly with the Logos library. And regular updates are applied automatically, ensuring that it never goes out of date. Take a look at the latest releases from Lexham Press. Although its roots are much earlier, in its present form it dates to about the eighth century.